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History of IsraelDavidic Kingdom
The Davidic Dynasty began approximately 1,000 years before the Common Era, with the anointing of its founder, King David. David’s rule followed the era of King Saul, the first king of Israel. After Saul was killed in battle against the Philistines, during which the Israelites suffered a terrible defeat, David was anointed. His reign was a golden age for the ancient Israelites, with the territory under his rule extending to the Euphrates river in north to the Gulf of Aqaba in the south.
David battled the Philistines, this time succeeding in defeating them. He conquered many nations, including parts of modern-day Syria (Aram) and Jordan (Moab), as well as other territories, like Edom. At the same time that he was conquering his enemies, he was also making strategic alliances with friendly nations, such as the Phoenecians and the Kingdom of Tyre in what is today Lebanon. David's sovereignty was absolute, uniting the twelve tribes and with Jerusalem as its capital.
David built a house for himself, with materials supplied by Hiram, King of Tyre (2 Samuel 5:11). While building himself a house and a capital city (2 Samuel 5:9), David realized it was an embarrassment to God that he, David, should reside in splendor, while God Himself had no home in which to “live” (2 Samuel 7:2). David brought the Ark of the Covenant to Jerusalem, with the goal of building a Temple for God. However, the prophet Nathan told him that God had forbidden it, since David was a warrior, and the Temple had to be a house of peace. The temple would have to wait to be built by future generations. God promised David that though he would not be able to build the temple, the kingship would forever remain in the Davidic line. (2 Samuel 7:16)